Found in abundance in pineapples, bromelain is not a single substance, but rather a collection of enzymes and other compounds. It is a mixture of protein-digesting enzymes called proteolytic enzymes or proteases. Bromelain is an anti-inflammatory agent. In addition to aiding in blood clot formation, it has also been proposed in the use of arthritis treatment. It aids in the absorption of quercetin (flavonoid). Super high dosages of bromelain may cause rapid heart beat.
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A naturally occurring element, calcium is responsible for bone growth and maintenance. Calcium uptake by the body is known to decrease with age, weakening bones (osteoporosis), but calcium supplementation seems to slow that process.
Substances that enable the body to synthesize retinoids. Carotenoids are organic pigments that are naturally occurring in plants and certain animals. New studies are now proving that beta-carotene may block the absorption of lutein. Lutein is a beneficial carotenoid that may improve the health of the macula. Beta-carotene may also increase the risk of lung cancer in smokers. New science suggests beta-carotene may increase risk of aggressive prostate cancer. Due to all the negative science regarding supplemental beta-carotene, Fortifeye Vitamins decided to remove all beta-carotene from their formulas.
An elemental metal which is thought to even out blood sugar metabolism, potentially helpful for diabetic patients. It is also a powerful antioxidant in one form.
Cinnamon has been used for thousands of years as a spice and for medicinal purposes. Cinnamon has been used as an aid in the common cold, help digestive problems and often used as an antimicrobial. More recently cinnamon has been useful in helping to control glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides in type 2 diabetics. Cinnamon has an ORAC score of 267,536 per 100 grams making it one of the most powerful antioxidants in the world. The numerous health benefits related to diabetes combined with the high antioxidant power makes cinnamon bark extract very appealing for total body as well as ocular health.
Cocoa is the dried and fermented bean from the cacao tree where chocolate comes from. Cocoa is high in two specific flavanoids – epicatechins and polyphenols. The flavanoids from cocoa have been associated with many health benefits. Cocoa may improve circulation to the brain and heart and thus improve cardiovascular health and improve cognitive abilities. Cocoa may also be beneficial at lowering blood pressure and lowering LDL (bad cholesterol) and raising HDL (good cholesterol). The antioxidant power (ORAC Value) of cocoa is one of the highest of any food on the planet. The high amounts of antioxidant in cocoa may help to retard free radical damage in the body and slow down the age related degenerative diseases in the body and eyes. ORAC value of dry powdered cocoa is about 80,000 per 100 grams and dark chocolate has an ORAC value of approximately 13,000 per 100 grams.
Naturally occurring, copper is used by the body along with zinc to maximize iron uptake. Copper is an essential nutrient to all humans. It is found primarily in the bloodstream, as a cofactor in various enzymes. Copper is one of five nutrients in the AREDS study used to help slow the progression of macular degeneration.
Coenzyme Q10 is an oil soluble vitamin-like antioxidant found in every cell in the body. The highest concentration is found in the mitochondria. The primary function is generating energy. CoQ10 levels decrease with age, certain medications and certain diseases. CoQ10 has been associated with health benefits in numerous diseases like: heart disease, diabetes, gum disease, Parkinson’s, cancer, macular degeneration and glaucoma. CoQ10 deficiencies have been linked to certain medications like statins, beta blockers and tricyclic antidepressants. New studies indicate that CoQ10 combined with omega three fish oil and acetyl-L-carnitine may have protective effects for macular degeneration. Good dietary sources of CoQ10 are salmon, sardines, herring, tuna and mackerel. CoQ10 is best taken with a meal to aid in absorption.
B12 is the most chemically complex of all vitamins. It is involved in the metabolism of every cell in the body and is crucial in DNA and fatty acid synthesis. Elevated homocysteine can be linked to B12 deficiency along with pernicious anemia. New
studies indicate that low B12 status may increase risk of cognitive impairment. B12 deficiency becomes more of a problem as we age and in true vegetarians. Since it is difficult for the elderly population to absorb B12, larger amounts of B12 are now being used in vitamin supplements to help decrease the chances of patients developing B12 deficiencies.
An omega-3 essential fatty acid, DHA is most often found in fish oil. DHA is a major fatty acid in sperm and brain phospholipids, and especially in the retina. Dietary DHA can reduce the level of blood triglycerides in humans, which may reduce the risk of heart disease. Low levels of DHA cause reduction of brain serotonin levels and have been associated with ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, and depression, among other diseases, and there is mounting evidence that DHA supplementation may be effective in combating such diseases. May be beneficial for macular degeneration and dry eyes. The DHA used in Fortifeye vitamins comes from the highest quality ultra purified triglyceride based fish oils. This natural form of fish oil maximizes absorption, has no after taste and is toxin free. New science is now proving that omega three may decrease the shortening of the end cap of a chromosome know as a telomere. Telomere shortening is seen as an indicator of biological aging, so omega three fish oil should be incorporated into any healthy anti-aging diet.
An omega-3 essential fatty acid, found most notably in oily fish. EPA is a polyunsaturated fatty acid that acts as a precursor for prostaglandin-3, which inhibits platelet aggregation. EPA is thought to be effective in lowering inflammation. May be beneficial for macular degeneration and dry eyes. Recent studies have suggested that EPA may affect depression and suicidal behavior. EPA may prove to be beneficial for breast cancer, as well as aid in treatment of multiple myeoloma. The EPA used in Fortifeye Vitamins comes from the highest quality (triple molecular distillation) triglyceride based fish oils. This natural form of fish oil maximizes absorption, has no after taste and is toxin free. New science is now proving that omega three may decrease the shortening of the end cap of a chromosome know as a telomere. Telomere shortening is seen as an indicator of biological aging, so omega three fish oil should be incorporated into any healthy anti-aging diet.
Folic acid or B9 is extremely important during periods of rapid cell division and growth. This B vitamin is needed to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia. Folic acid is essential for healthy homocysteine levels and in the prevention of neural tube defects in infants. Folic acid when combined with B12 and B6 will bring homocysteine levels down. New studies also indicate the combination of B12, folic acid and B6 will decrease the development of macular degeneration. Folic acid is extremely important and you don’t want to have a deficiency, however
there is a fine line between too little and too much. Too much folic acid is associated with cognitive decline and increased risk of certain types of cancer. General consensus as of 2010 is not to take more than 1000mcgs from natural and synthetic sources. Fortifeye Vitamins has cut back the amount of folic acid in their products to make sure the public doesn’t get too much from supplementing.
An omega-6 essential fatty acid found primarily in vegetable oils such as evening primrose (oenothera biennis) oil, blackcurrant seed oil, or borage oil. From GLA, the body forms dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA). This is one of the body’s three sources of eicosanoids (along with AA and EPA.) DGLA is the precursor of the prostaglandin PGH1, which in turn forms PGE1 and the thromboxane TXA1. PGE1 has a role in regulation of immune system function. GLA is unique among the omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid, GLA, and arachidonic acid) in its potential to suppress tumor growth and metastasis. GLA may also improve tear production and aid dry eyes. GLA by stimulating PGE1 acts as an anti-inflammatory
Gogi berry, or llycium berry, has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine. Gogi berry has been named the “anti-aging berry” because of its nutrient dense profile and extremely high antioxidant power. Gogi berry is considered one of the “super fruits” since it has one of the highest ORAC scores of any edible fruit. The ORAC value of 100 grams of gogi is approximately 25,300. Gogi berry may be the richest source of zeaxanthin in the plant family. Studies reveal that intake of a modest daily amount of gogi berries markedly increases fasting plasma zeaxanthin levels. This aids in improving macular pigment density which may prove to be beneficial for macular degeneration. Early studies indicate that gogi berry may have some neuro protective qualities in protecting retinal ganglion cells in glaucoma. The gogi berry may also aid in dark adaptation. The gogi berry is a good source of essential and trace minerals, amino acids, vitamins, polysachrides and essential fatty acids. The nutritional value of the gogi berry is proving to be beneficial for ocular and overall health.
Used extensively in Europe, grape seed extract is rich in polyphenols, compounds that have antioxidant properties some consider even greater than vitamin C and vitamin E. Beyond its antioxidant powers, it is thought to improve blood circulation and help strengthen blood vessels. It may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Resveratrol is one of the polyphenols found in grape seeds that has enormous health benefits.
“Since the body does not produce all of the required elements for optimal health, supplements are critical for your best health.”
EGCG, a key antioxidant found in green tea, is thought to support retinal health and works particularly well when in presence of Vitamin E. According to researchers at the University of Kansas, EGCG is 100x more powerful as an antioxidant that Vitamin C and 25x more powerful than Vitamin E. EGCG may also inhibit the formation of new blood vessels (anti-VEGF); this may prove to be useful in supporting retinal health. Green tea has been linked to lower cancer risk, lower cholesterol, faster weight loss, neuro protection, improved cognitive abilities, healthier immune system, better diabetic control and may benefit arthritis. 100 grams of brewed green tea has an ORAC value of approximately 1253. There is some evidence that green tea may help slow down cataracts. New science is proving that green tea may slow down the degeneration of the end cap of the chromosome called a telomere. This makes green tea an anti-aging nutrition.
A flavonoid glycoside that has been shown to reduce cholesterol and blood pressure experimentally. In some studies large doses of the glucoside hesperidin were shown to decrease bone density loss. Hesperidin has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects.
A chemical element that is required in trace amounts by most living organisms, iodine is necessary for proper production of thyroid hormone.
A carotenoid found naturally in dark green leafy vegetables (spinach and kale) and other natural sources, this potent antioxidant is sorely lacking in the typical American diet. Lutein and zeaxanthin are the only carotenoids found in the retina of the eye. Lutein supplementation has been shown in landmark clinical studies to increase macular pigment density which may promote macular health. Scientists believe lutein helps filter out dangerous ‘blue’ light, helping to maintain the photoreceptor and retinal health. Lutein is now believed to have a protective effect on the retina and may help to slow down age related macular degeneration. Lutein may have some protective effects against cataract formation. Lutein is more readily available when greens are gently cooked or juiced versus the raw state.
“Clinical studies have shown that increasing supplemental intake of lutein increases macular pigment density in the retina. Low levels of macular pigment is common in patients with macular degeneration.”
A bright red carotenoid pigment, lycopene is a phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits. Lycopene is the most common carotenoid in the human body and is one of the most potent carotenoid antioxidants. Studies indicate it may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, male infertility and even macular degeneration.
The chemical element required in trace amounts by the body for the basic nucleic acid catalysis. Magnesium is necessary to maintain the health of almost every organ in the body especially the heart, muscles, kidneys, bones and teeth. Found most notably in spinach, pumpkin seeds and halibut. Magnesium has shown promise in treating symptoms of autism and ADHD, when combined with vitamin B6. There is an association between low magnesium intake and diabetes. Studies indicate that consumption of magnesium may lower C-reactive protein and other signs of chronic inflammation. Inflammation is one of the root causes of many eye diseases.
Elementally found in nature, manganese and in its various ionic states (II) function as cofactors for a number of enzymes.
Mangosteen is grown in Southeast Asia and is considered one of the super fruits. Mangosteen is known as the “queen of tropical fruits” and is very high in polyphenols, xanthones and tannins. Mangosteen is known for its health promoting properties and has a high ORAC score. Research indicates that xanthones may support the immune system, maintain intestinal health, help stop free radical damage, and support cartilage, joint and respiratory health.
A transition metal important in plant nutrition, and is necessary in animal and human nutrition. It is found at the active site of certain enzymes, including xanthine oxidase, important within the eye.
A co-factor which aids glutathione to increase uptake and efficacy of free radicals as antioxidants. N-Acetylcysteine may be beneficial in certain types of cancer, COPD, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, boosting the immune system, aiding in detoxification of the body, reducing duration of influenza and may help with chronic blepharitis and symptoms associated with dry eyes.
A water-soluble vitamin which plays an essential role in energy metabolism in the living cell and DNA repair. It also plays a role in removing toxic and harmful chemicals from the body. Niacin, when taken in large doses, increases the level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol in blood. New studies are using niacin as a vasodilator to improve circulation in patients that have experienced a vein occlusion in the eye.
A water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
An element (always found as a compound in nature) that is a component of DNA and RNA and essential for all living cells where it forms part of the structural framework of these molecules (ADP, ATP).
Pomegranate known as the “royal fruit” is a rich source of antioxidants and polyphenols. Pomegranate has a moderate ORAC value of about 2,860 per 100 grams. Some of the health benefits claims of pomegranate are improved circulation to the heart, reduction of arterial plaque, reduction in blood pressure and LDL (bad cholesterol), protective effects for breast and prostate cancer, improvement in erectile dysfunction and may act as an anti-inflammatory. The antioxidant power, improvement in circulation and anti-inflammatory aspects of pomegranate may prove to be beneficial for good ocular health.
B6 is required for the synthesis of neurotransmitters and red blood cells. It is also necessary for healthy homocysteine levels. Supplementation with pyridoxine, folic acid and B12 reduces the concentration of homocysteine in the bloodstream. Elevated homocysteine is a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, macular degeneration and occlusive artery disease in the eye. Super high dosages of B6 may cause nerve damage in the legs and arms.
A flavinoid found in such food as citrus and apples, quercetin may have positive effects in combating or helping to prevent cancer, heart disease, cataracts, allergies, inflammations, and certain respiratory conditions. Patients should make their doctors aware if taking high dosages of quercetin prior to antibiotic therapy.
Found in the skin of red grapes, resveratrol is perhaps one of the most potent antioxidants known. Research shows that resveratrol has anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) which they believe offers the greatest degree of protection to human blood-vessel cells, particularly within the retina. New studies indicate it may increase life span. Resveratrol may be useful as a chemo-protectant, cardio-protectant, anti-inflammatory, neuro-protectant and may prove useful for diabetes. Fortifeye was one of the first in the industry to utilize resveratrol in their formulas.
“Current studies show that certain nutrients can actually slow or stop the development of unwanted blood vessels (called vascular endothelial growth factor, or “VEGF”). Therefore, nutrients with anti-VEGF properties such as green tea, resveratol, turmeric, and soy isoflavones are tremendously important for overall ocular health, particularly for diabetics or patients with macular degeneration.”
Required for a wide variety of cellular processes; like the other B vitamins, it plays a key role in energy metabolism. Riboflavin is required for the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Deficiencies can cause corneal and lenticular opacities.
A citrus flavonoid glycoside and antioxidant. It has been suggested that rutin might play an important role in inhibiting some cancers, as well as strengthening the capillaries, including those in the choroid. Rutin is also an inhibitor of VEGF which may prove useful in diabetic retinopathy and wet macular degeneration.
A trace element not naturally produced by the body, selenium is found in high concentration in nuts. Selenium functions as cofactor for reduction of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidases and thioredoxin reductase.
Powerful antioxidants that have been shown to work within the essential fatty acid derivatives (GLA) to create positive enzymatic reaction as compared to negative prostaglandin reactions. Sesame lignans help to block the inflammatory cascade of arrachidonic acid inherent to omega six oils.
Compound that in recent laboratory studies have shown that taurine can influence (and possibly reverse) nerve blood flow, motor nerve conduction velocity, and nerve sensory threshold defects. In certain animal cases, the absence of taurine causes central retinal degeneration.
Plays an important role in helping the body convert carbohydrates and fat into energy. It is essential for normal growth and development and helps to maintain proper functioning of the heart and the nervous and digestive systems. Thiamine is water-soluble and cannot be stored in the body. However, once absorbed, the vitamin is concentrated in muscle tissue.
Naturally occurring in turmeric, curcumin is in curry spice. Curcumin is known for its anti-inflammatory, chemoprotective, antioxidant, anti-amyloid and anti-VEGF (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) properties. Studies indicate this compound may be beneficial in inflammatory diseases in the eye and may prove to be effective in slowing down certain types of cataracts. New studies indicate it may decrease chances of developing dementia.
|“Thousands of patients are currently using Fortifeye Complete Plus™ combined with proper diet and exercise to dramatically improve their quality of life.”
A trace metal most popularly added to drinking water in Asia. It has been suggested that vanadium improves blood sugar control, and increases muscular strength, as well as osteoporosis treatment.
Zeaxanthin is one of the two carotenoids contained within the retina of the eye. Zeaxanthin and lutein have an almost identical chemical structure and have similar properties. Zeaxanthin, like lutein, increases macular pigment density and also helps to filter out the harmful blue light from the sun. Gogi berries have one of the highest sources of zeaxanthin and orange bell peppers are relatively high in zeaxanthin and more readily available. Zeaxanthin may also have some protective effects on cataract formation. Zeaxanthin may inhibit VEGF and prove useful for diabetic retinopathy and wet macular degeneration.
A trace metal, zinc is an activator of certain enzymes, such as carbonic anhydrase, important in the transport of carbon dioxide in blood. Clinical studies have found that zinc, combined with antioxidants and certain vitamins (A, C, and E) may delay progression of age-related macular degeneration. Also, significant dietary intake of zinc has also recently been shown to impede the onset of flu. Fortifeye Vitamins uses Opti Zinc to gain superior absorption and bio availability over other forms of zinc.
IMPORTANT NOTE: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.